Integrated Pest Management is an approach that entails evaluating the intensity of the pest problems and coming up with suitable measures to deal with them. To control pests on your farm effectively, you will need to take interventions and different stages of your crop growth.
This will guide you to know why, when, and how to use different pest control methods. As you work hard to build a garden or farm from where you can get fresh, safe and readily available foods, be sure to choose the approach that gives you the most cost- effective results with minimum effects to the environment.
This means that it should be pocket friendly while at the same time, it should not harm the environment or cause health hazards to people or animals.
Why You Should Use Integrated Pest Management
There are three main benefits of using IPM. These include the biosafety of your food, cost effectiveness, and eco-friendliness of your farming practices.
With the increase in health problems associated with consumption of chemical laden foods, would it not be a reprieve for you to know the food you produce is harmless to the consumers? Integrated pest control management will guide you to continually produce food that meets high standards of biosafety.
The aim should be to use an affordable solution that also enhances sustainability by minimizing its effects on the soil and the environment.
Integrated Pest Control Approaches
What IPM strategies can you use as a farmer or gardener? IPM involves the use of chemicals, biological, cultural, or mechanical methods to fight of various species. We will explain each of these approaches for you here.
Biological Pest control
This is where you introduce living organisms to feed on the pests or inhibit their activities and reduce their multiplication. Living organisms or natural enemies could include those occurring naturally in an area or they can be newly introduced.
You can control the number of these natural enemies, such as controlling the number of ladybirds on an aphid-infested farm and decreasing them when the aphids are no longer a threat.
Plants are also used in biological control in various ways. Some plants trap harmful pests while others produce smells that inhibit the activities of some insects. You can also find out the best crops that attract natural enemies to your targets.
Cultural Pest Control
Crop rotation, selection of pest resistant breeds and intercropping are some of the cultural approaches. When you plant a different crop from the one you had the previous season, the pests that had invaded the last crop may not be harmful to the new crop.
Schedule to plant and harvest when you know the pests are in a development stage that is harmless to your crops.
Mechanical Pest Control
When you till land, you will interfere with the development of some species. Some may die in the process, which will reduce the attack on your crops.
You can also use physical barriers such as mesh to exclude rodents and insects. Trapping of insects and small predators can also help you to reduce the unwelcome guests on your farm.
Chemical Pest Control
While chemical control is considered effective in pest control, its use should be regulated. Some chemicals may have lasting effects on consumers or they may be too toxic to the environment. Using chemicals, therefore, should be your last option.
Use chemicals to protect your crops from pathogens or insects. You can also use them as baits on traps to poison destructive rodents. For the sake of the consumers’ safety, you should ensure the chemicals you are using are authorized for use and that you use the right amounts for your crop types.
What to consider before choosing a pest control approach
Before you settle on any control measure consider the following necessary factors. Pest type, the stage of development, and the intensity of attack on your crop will matter.
Look at the potential threat on your crop and consider the economic sense of controlling them.
Your crop types and growth stage will determine which control method is appropriate. Moreover, you should use authorized chemicals to increase the biosafety of your food.
IPM involves the use of different approaches to minimize the presence and effect of pests on your crops while also enhancing environmental sustainability. With the approach, you can control pests using chemical, biological, cultural, or mechanical methods.
To choose a suitable pest control approach, you have to consider the type, the growth stage of the lifecycle, your crop types, and their development stages.
Additionally, you must consider the cost as well as the suitability of the chemicals you are about to use. To find out more about using Integrated Pest Management Techniques For Farming and Gardening visit www.no1pestcontrolbrisbane.com.au and contact our team. We hope you enjoyed this article. Please comment below to join in the discussion.